Sunday, May 24, 2020

Summary Of The Lottery By Shirley Jackson And The Ones...

Sacrifice for Peace It is safe to say to say that one person does not deserve harm for the betterment of a society or a community. In the short-stories, â€Å"The Lottery† by Shirley Jackson and â€Å"The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas† by Ursula K. Le Guin, each display similarities when it comes to sacrifice for better. Although each society believes in the practice, in the story The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas† the citizens believes the practice of locking a little boy away in a closest will benefit them to live happily and prosper. In â€Å"The Lottery† a town of people hold a yearly assembly where a person of the community is randomly chosen to be stoned for the hope of more crops in the fall. Each of the stories display sacrifice in their theme, as well as people in the community who believe that the practice of sacrifice is wrong, and the belief that the benefits for all come from pain and suffering of one single individual. In the story, â€Å"T he Lottery† people in the community practice sacrifice by going through a process of drawing names. In the story the characters assemble in town square to draw names out of a black box that has been used for decades. Their form of sacrifice has been a town ritual that everyone in the community has become accustomed to for some time. When the day comes for the lottery all the citizens gathered in the town square. Surprisingly, during the first drawing a well-known man by the name of Bill Hutchinson drew the slip to be sacrificed. Tessie, theShow MoreRelatedThemes Of `` The Lottery `` By Shirley Jackson And The Ones Who Walk Away From 1861-18651553 Words   |  7 Pagesfinal paper. The theme of equality is present throughout many of the dystopian short stories, novels, poems and films we have studied in class. The three stories I feel this theme is most present in are â€Å"The Lottery† by Shirley Jackson, â€Å"Harrison Bergeron† by Kurt Vonnegut and â€Å"The Ones Who Walk Away From Omelas† by Ursula Le Guin. In these stories society tries to make everything orderly and just. Their methods to promote equality are flawed. The goal in these stories is to perfect society but in eachRead MoreUtopia, Dystopia, Two Worlds1630 Words   |  7 Pageseverything is unpleasant or bad, typically a totalitarian or environmentally degraded one.† (Merriam-Webster) Many authors have created stories of about what a perfect, or imperfect, world looks like to them. There are two stories that come to mind that explains the polar opposite of two worlds. One of the stories that will be discussed is â€Å"The Lottery† by Shirley Jackson. The other story will be â€Å"The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas† by Ursula Le Guinn. As you read both stories, the writers have provideRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words   |  760 Pagesappreciate your writing to him at iv Praise Comments on the earlier 1993 edition, published by Wadsworth Publishing Company, which is owned by Cengage Learning: There is a great deal of coherence. The chapters build on one another. The organization is sound and the author does a superior job of presenting the structure of arguments. David M. Adams, California State Polytechnic University These examples work quite well. Their diversity, literacy, ethnic sensitivity

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The Nature Of Their Freedom By Toni Morrison, Paul D And...

Throughout Beloved by Toni Morrison, Paul D and Sethe question the nature of their freedom following enslavement. In their questioning, they recall Sixo as an emblem of freedom despite his enslavement. By contrasting Paul D and Sethe’s perception of manhood and freedom with Sixo’s, Morrison explores the pervasive impact of enslavers definitions defining the enslaved. Furthermore, by presenting Sixo both as an inspiration for and a representative of his people, Morrison provides her readers with an undercurrent of hope for the future of those definitions. Morrison first introduces Sixo as Paul D lays in Sethe’s bed, needled by the guilt of his too-fast and unfulfilling sex with the women he had been fantasising about for twenty-five†¦show more content†¦However, the deeper repercussions of slavery lie in Paul D’s vulnerable manhood. While Paul was a slave at Sweet Home, School teacher used sexual desire as proof against the humanity of slaves. The categorization of lust as animalistic makes Paul D’s identity as a man contingent on his control over desire and mobility. Paul D confesses his insecurities in an intimate conversation with Sethe. â€Å" I just ain’t sure I can say it, say it right I mean, because it wasn’t the bit - that wasn’t it.†¦ the roosters...walking past the roosters looking at them look at me† (85). Through this anecdote, Morrison invokes the full powerlessness of Paul D’s enslavement. With the bit in his mouth and the chains around his ankle s, Paul D perceives even the rooster he has raised as claiming superiority over him. Despite the shame of his enslavement, Paul D does not succumb to School Teacher s definitions while enslaved. Paul D states â€Å"his strength had lain in knowing that schoolteacher was wrong†¦ there was Alfred Georgia, there was Delaware, there was Sixo†(148). Paul D references both the manhood he has seen in himself after his enslavement â€Å"he, that man who had walked from Georgia to Delaware† (148) and the manhood Sixo demonstrated while enslaved as contradictory evidence to School Teacher’s claims. However by defining his own manhood as motility, Morrison indicatesShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Toni Morrison s Beloved Essay1634 Words   |  7 Pagesin 1987. The novel, for the most part, discusses the black community that is unwilling to incite their past and in this way, irritated by its incarnation (Abdullah 25). Toni Morrison does not dissent suppression. Rather, she is pained by its effect on the souls of the black individuals. Nevertheless, the n ovel approves Toni Morrison s ability in creating the free awareness of various individuals who bear the horrible weight of a slavers unrevealed wrongdoings. (Balon 149). However, the issue ofRead MoreToni Morrisons Beloved - Symbol and Symbolism of Color Essay977 Words   |  4 Pages The symbolic Use of Color in Belovednbsp;nbsp; In the novel, Beloved, Toni Morrison uses color to show the reactions of some of the main characters. Color represents many things in the book. Freedom is an example because once the slaves were free, they noticed the beautiful colors all over. They see that the world is not just black and white and two different races, there are many beautiful things that were unnoticed. When Baby Suggs was free, she was able to spread happiness and joy to theRead More Character of Beloved in Toni Morrisons Beloved Essays2510 Words   |  11 PagesThe Character of Beloved in Toni Morrisons Beloved Perhaps one of the most important issues in Toni Morrisons award-winning novel Beloved is Morrisons intentional diversity of possible interpretations. However the text is looked at and analyzed, it is the variety of these multiple meanings that confounds any simple interpretation and gives the novel the complexity. The debate rages on over many topics, but one issue of central and basic importance to the understanding of the novel is definingRead MoreToni Morrison s Beloved, And The Cost Of Having Too Much Love For Ones1193 Words   |  5 Pagesbelieving that there could ever be enough attention to go around. In the novel Beloved, by Toni Morrison, a theme of the cost of having too much love for ones’ children is portrayed. Sethe, a slave woman within the novel, helps develop this theme through the third person narration of her life. The novel takes place during the Reconstruction era during a time of turmoil for black slaves everywhere. Toni Morrison uses constant shifts in character’s perspectives in order to give the reader insight intoRead MoreThe Bluest Eye By Toni Morrison1561 Words   |  7 PagesBeloved is one of the most beautifully written books and Toni Morrison is one of the best authors in the world. After reading the Bluest Eye and seeing how captivating it is, it is not highly expectant to think that Beloved to be just as enchanting. Anyone who has read Beloved would read it again and those of us who have not should be dying to read it. Beloved is a historical fiction novel based on a true historical incident. Beloved is setRead MoreAnalyzing Morrison ´s Beloved1339 Words   |  6 PagesThe novel Beloved by Toni Morrison weaves a story about African American refugee slaves caught between remembering and forgetting what they have been through. Morrison, although evoking various complex emotions from her readers, has structured the novel so that we are unable to identify with any of the characters, especially Sethe, due to how slavery has deconstructed their lives. Slavery brings down these characters, causing them to lose their individuality. As a result of their sub-human treatmentRead MoreAnalysis Of Toni Morrison s Beloved1615 Words   |  7 PagesIn her novel Beloved, Toni Morrison utilizes a circular narrative to emphasize the similarities, or lack thereof, between her characters. In Philip Page’s article, â€Å"Circularity in Toni Morrison’s Beloved,† he writes, â€Å"The plot is developed through repetition and variation of one or more core-images in overlapping waves... And it is developed through... the spiraling reiteration of larger, mythical acts such as birth, death, rebirth, quest-journeys, and the formation and disintegration of families†Read More Toni Morrisons Beloved: Not a Story to be Passed On Essay example5432 Words   |  22 PagesToni Morrisons Beloved: Not a Story to be Passed On Beloved, Toni Morrisons Nobel Prize winning novel, is a masterfully written book in which the characters must deal with a past that perpetually haunts them.   This haunting, in the form of a twenty year old ghost named Beloved, not only stalks them in the spirit, but also in the flesh.   Beloved, both in story and in character hides the truth in simple ways and convinces those involved that the past never leaves, it only becomes part of whoRead MoreToni Morrison and Beloved Essay2616 Words   |  11 Pages Toni Morrison was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for her novel Beloved, a novel whose popularity and worth earned her the Nobel Prize in literature the first ever awarded to a black female author.   Born in the small town of Larain, Ohio, in 1931, to George and Ramah Willis Wofford, Morrisons birth name is Chloe Anthony Wofford (Gates and Appiah   ix).   Morrison describes the actions of her central character in Beloved, as:   the ultimate love of a mother; the outrageous claim of a slave.   InRead MoreBeloved Essay1050 Words   |  5 Pagesshows the aspect on human natures identity. A mother is defined as, â€Å" a women who raises and nurtures a child†, but what really is a good or bad mother. A mother is supposed to be there every step of the way with her child. She would not want her precious baby to get hurt otherwise, and would want her baby to be like herself. A bad mother can be ridiculed as a lazy mother who doesnt want to do anything with her child. Mos tly the opposite from a good mother. Toni Morrison has created many characters

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Behavioral Observation Project Free Essays

Going to school is one of the most valuable social rituals people do. Staying for over 15 years at school, people earn an academic education that will shape their careers and lives. In school, people also meet friends and mentors who influence their personal beliefs. We will write a custom essay sample on Behavioral Observation Project or any similar topic only for you Order Now The early years in school are especially crucial for shaping foundations for virtues such as the proper behavior and self-discipline. Thus, grade school teachers are given the responsibility of instilling in their students the right qualities and attitudes. The learning site observed is a co-ed second grade class. The students are smart and energetic kids, with a few quiet ones thrown in. They come mostly from middle-class families and are of mixed ethnicities. They are still learning the core of education; spelling, writing, reading comprehension, basic geography, and fractions. Their teacher is male and a fresh university graduate; thus, he is younger than most of the faculty members. His youth presents itself in his interaction and communication style. The teacher is approachable and authoritative at the same time. He is kind, friendlier, and less stiff than other teachers. He also has a more laidback demeanor that is evident in his non-verbal gestures, such as giving high-fives and thumbs up to his students as a way of affirming their answers. His students perceive him as likable and are also more relaxed with him. By their standards, he is seen as more of big brother type rather than a scary teacher. The respect he receives is different, but in no way less than what other teachers get. At times when the students get too noisy or when kids fight, the teacher lets out his more commanding side to discipline the students. The teacher aims to improve and influence his students’ behavior, such as building up their self-discipline to keep them from chatting with seatmates and increase the attention that they pay to the lessons. To fulfill these, he makes use of some reinforcing and motivating consequences for the children’s actions. According to Skinner, using reinforcements is effective in helping shape or condition one’s reactions to stimuli. Thus, stimuli are called behavior influencers (Barker, Kreider, Peissig, Sokoloff Stansfield, 2008) Positive reinforcement increases the desired stimulus while a negative reinforcement removes a negative stimulus. Both encourage one to continue whichever action will lead to one’s benefit and increased comfort (Feist Feist, 2007). In the case of the second grade class, the most important stimulus is their grades. Having good grades leads to positive stimuli such as teacher’s praises, feelings of pride, and rewards from their parents. On the other hand, low grades bring about negative stimuli like dissatisfaction with oneself and disappointment from teachers and parents. The second-grade teacher uses public praises as positive reinforcements for kids who do well. By announcing how high one student’s grade is or by putting up the best artwork on the classroom corkboard, he highlights the student’s admirable behavior and quality of schoolwork, thus heartening the student to continue his or her hard work. The teacher uses mostly intangible reward to cheer his students on, as he hopes to motivate his students intrinsically rather than by bribes or physical rewards. Internal motivation will lead to a continued and better performance. He makes a special exception though for the case of a student with ADHD. He gives external rewards such as bowling games vouchers to this particular student to persuade him to continue his good performance and classroom behavior and continue his improvements. The teacher does not practice much punishment and extinction in the classroom. The harshest punishment he does is calling out a student’s name to get his or her attention back to the lessons. He was allowed to give them detention, especially when the kids get very naughty. His strength as an instructor and behavior model for the kids lay in the fact that he never had to give detentions because he is able to subdue a conflict before it even starts. He also understands the kids’ need to let go of pent-up energy and allows them to have some energy-releasing activities. The students receive punishment and extinction at home, mostly in the form of added chores for the former and revoked TV and video game privileges for the latter. The second graders are under the teacher’s excellent classroom management. The teacher’s policies are effectively and followed soundly. The teacher showed a perceptive understanding of when he should be friendly and when he should be authoritative with his students. Further, the behavior and discipline conditioning is enhanced by the good, trusting relationships between the teacher and his students. References Barker, B. , J Kreider, J Peissig, G Sokoloff, M Stansfield. (2008). Glossary of terms for the experimental analysis of behavior. The University of Iowa. Retrieved February 9, 2009 from http://www. psychology. uiowa. edu/Faculty/Wasserman/Glossary/stimuli. html Feist, J. Feist, G. J. (2007). Theories of Personality (6th ed). N How to cite Behavioral Observation Project, Essays

Monday, May 4, 2020

Justice Essay Thesis Example For Students

Justice Essay Thesis JusticeJusticeWhen the question is asked Can we live in a just world?In effect it isasking us a variety of things. Can there be justice for all? and Can therebe equality for all people?.The answer to this question is no. Unfortunately we live in a world where justice has never really transpired.Thefirst justice that I would like to speak about is personal justice. Blessed arethose reared in a household innocence of the deadly sin of envy.Their liveswill be tormented by a grinding resentment that they are not beautiful, orfamous, or favored with gifts of fortune.They will not demand as a naturalright or an entitlement of personal equality with everybody under the sun; normaintain that their opinions are as good as anybody elses.They will not coveta neighbors goods.And thus they may come to know peace of soul.Theinjustice of equality 10/15/93 The point of this statement is not to say thatenvy makes equality. Whenwe wish for personal equality with people, we wishto deny what we really are and allow for superficialness.We become so obsessedwith our possessions that we forget who we are and the beauty of our differences. Aristole said that it is unjust to treat unequal things equally.All peopleare different, that is exactly what makes us human, so when we treat peopleentirely the same, we deny their identity.For examplethat does not mean thatI should not treat all people with respect, but I feel that even that may differdepending on who you are andhow I am related to you.For instance, I will notgive a stranger the same amount of respect that I might give my mother or father. I feel that would be unfair, and ignorant.The stranger should have to earn myrespect, just like my parents or friends. The teachings of Marx exemplified thisvery wrong that I am discussing.Marx believed (if I am not mistaken)that inorder to bring about equality for all, first we must find the inequality betweenclasses and get rid of it.When this deed is performed it would in essenceplace everybody on the same level. This would place all people in an equalityof conditions, where all are in the same boat.The average person would befaced with the same problems as the next.This is the type of just societythat I do not think should exist.It is absolutely unjust. I have no doubt that when we recognize the differences between people, withoutbeing envious of their talents and gifts, we may find things that we may learnfrom.By doing this we not only make life more bearable by eliminatingignorance, but learning to love differencesMany of the problems today arecaused because people fail to see the glory in variance.This is the problem ofmis-education, or lack of it. Education is also part of justice.I believethat all people (however unrealistic that this may be) whether rich or poorshould be placed with an equivalence of education.The dilemma I face whenmaking this statement is that it is contradictory to almost all that I havepreviously stated.If people should not be on a personal state of justice, doesthat include education?I can not answer this. I imagine that all people shouldhave the same opportunity to reach their peak or greatness, and also to stop thebreading of ignorance and individualism. Individualism places the interests ofthe individu al over the interests of the state or social group.The act ofindividualists infringe upon another persons right to live in a peaceful, lovingenvironment, and with the basic rights that are deserved by human beings.I donot think that it is just for children to grow up in an atmosphere of violenceand poverty, that is unjust.They should not be the target of starvation. These situations exist because people place their selfish needs before the needsof others. The Spiritual Justice , that may only be achieved by God, is theideal Justice in the world.I believe it to be untouchable by humans.Godsultimate justice is not affected by how you look, how smart you are, your rank,class, or the amount of power that you have obtained.All that matters to Godis the integrity of your heart.The justice that God gives is the only truejustice that may be obtained.When obtained material possessions mean nothingto you, the only thing that matters is your love for others. I do not believe itpossible under a ny standards that we may ever have a just world.It is againsthuman nature.Justice is a theme only God may accomplish. In my opinionIbelieve that I try to be as fair, and just as possible to all people.I do notmake it my business to intimidate or discriminate against anybody based on aprejudice.When with anybody I try to be as friendly and respectful as possible. .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0 , .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0 .postImageUrl , .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0 , .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0:hover , .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0:visited , .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0:active { border:0!important; } .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0:active , .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0 .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ua738cd44493dcaffee4faa7ecc3e06b0:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The Necklace: The Downfall Of Mathilde Loisel EssayThe problem with being too friendly is that a lot of the time people will takeadvantage of you because of it.Indirectly however I might inflict harm upon aperson by not getting involved.To cite an instance, if an wrong towards anindividual is being performed, sometimes I feel that it is not my place tointerfere.That is an injustice.

Sunday, March 29, 2020

Lifestyle Comparison, City vs Country free essay sample

Data has been collected from several sources such as multiple real estate agencies, fuel stations, transport agencies, mapping sources, grocery markets as well as different social and recreational organizations and conventions, this information will aid me to form my personal opinion on which is the better option. The criteria on which of the options stands to be ‘better option’, will be on the basis of; which provides the best financial outcome. Notes: * This report is taking the assumption that certain material possessions have already been accounted for, EG: * Car, clothes, furniture etc. The car at our disposal for the calculations of travel expenses will be the Hyundai Santa Fe Part Four, Data Analysis: The salaries of dentists in Australia varies widely, as the lowest reported income per annum is an estimated $50,800 while the highest earning dentists are in much larger figures, with $190,000 as the maximum recorded payment. $50,800 + $190,000 = $240,800 $240,800 ? 2 = $120,400~ the average salary, calculated via the values given above. We will write a custom essay sample on Lifestyle Comparison, City vs Country or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This given pay scale can be divvied into three categories in order to better represent and calculate budgets and relevant taxes. To yield more reliable results, the following tax calculations will be made under the assumption that we are earning an average pay of $120,400 per annum. Tax Calculations| | Weekly| Monthly| Yearly| Gross| (Divide yearly pay by 52)$2315. 38| (Divide yearly pay by 12)$10,033. 33| $120,400| Tax | $624. 90| $2707. 91| $32,495| Super| $208. 38| $903| $10,836| Medicare| $34. 73| $150. 5| $1,806| Net Income| $1447. 1| $6,271. 9| $75,263| Tax: $120,400 $80,000 = $40,400~taxable dollars. $40,400 x $0. 37 = $14,948 $14,948 + $17,547 = $32,495~yearly income tax. $32,495 ? 12 $2707. 91~monthly income tax. $32,495 ? 52 = $624. 90~weekly income tax. Super: $120,400 – 9% = $120,400 x 0. 09 = $10,836~yearly super payment. $10,836 = $10,836 ? 12 = $903~monthly super payment. $10,836 = $10,836 ? 52 = $208. 38~weekly super payment. Medicare: $120,400 – 1. 5% = $120,400 x 0. 015 = $1,806~yearly Medicare levee $1,806 = $1,806 ? 12 = $150. 5~monthly Medicare levee $1,806 = $1,806 ? 52 = $ 34. 73~weekly Medicare levee Net Income: $120,400 – $32,495 – $10,836 $1,806 =$75,263~yearly net income $75,263 = $75,263 ? 12 = $6,271. 9~monthly net income $75,263 $75,263 ? 52 = $1,447. 30~weekly income Expenses: Living The following rental prices are taken from multiple real estate websites, with the cheapest price as the main deciding factor. House Rentals| House #| Brisbane Prices| Address| Charleville Prices| Address| 1| $395| 8/53 Edward Street, Brisbane| $230| 169 Edward St| 2| $390| 21/204 Alice St, Brisbane| $200| 164 Galatea St| 3| $430| 460 Ann St, Brisbane| $165| 1/75 Galatea St| 4| $450| 5/204 Alice St, Brisbane| $165| 1/16 Sturt St| 5| $450| 1904/485 Adelaide St, Brisbane| $160| 7/16 Sturt St| Averages:| $423| $184| Recreational A steady amount of $150 will be deducted weekly from our overall income in order to pay for recreational activities, drinks, dinner, take-away etc. Health Insurance Health insurance is a necessity for anyone trying to save money, as it is a safety net if something is to go wrong, and medical attention is needed. Without this safety net, simple injuries such as broken bones may cost in the thousands of dollars, while serious injuries and surgeries will cost exponential amounts. For the best value and lowest price, as suggested by a comparison on iSelect. com. u, the best plan at our disposal will cost $75. 24 monthly, and cover the essentials. $75. 24~monthly health insurance $75. 24 x 12 = $902. 88~yearly health insurance $75. 24 ? 4 = $18. 81~weekly health insurance Part Five, Data Analysisamp; Comparison: Gas amp; Electricity P. A. As evidence from Switchwise. com. au suggests, an apartment style home in Brisbane with 1 bedroom amp; 1 resident average, will result in a n estimated yearly payment of $1646. This price can be altered however via an Origin energy yearly contract, which will lower this expense to $1554 p. . in a Brisbane residential apartment complex. $1,554 ? 52 = $29. 88~weekly energy/gas expenses $1,554 ? 12 = $129. 5~monthly energy/gas expenses In terms of country living, the annual cost of electricity for a house will cost $1520 at the bare minimum. $1,520 ? 52 = $29. 23~weekly energy/gas expenses $1,520 ? 12 = $126. 66~monthly energy/gas expenses Fuel With the aim of keeping this report simplified, the only fuel being analysed and recorded will be diesel. The price for diesel in Charleville, on the date of 13/5/13, is $1. 43 /L. While according to racq. com. au, the average price for diesel in Brisbane, over the course of April, was $1. 48 /L. This difference, although minimal, scales over time and will cause either substantial savings or losses over the course of say, 10 years working the same job amp; same average fuel usages. Transport To calculate the average transport expenses, the car at our disposal will be a Hyundai Santa Fe. The Santa Fe runs on diesel, and has an overall consumption of 7. 3litres/100km. This data divides into 0. 73litres/10km, and 0. 65/5km, to achieve more manageable sample sizes in order to accurately calculate the average weekly usage in both country amp; city environments. *Note: Multiple instances of the home – work drives are extremely minimal, and will therefore not be considered under fuel consumption, and merely an expense of time. Transport CONT: Diesel Consumption: House #| Kilometres| House 1| 1. 12| House 2| 1. 6| House 3| 0. 06| House 4/5| 0. 32| *miles -gt; ki lometre conversion = y X 1. 6 = z 164 Galatea St -gt; work = 0. 7miles X 1. 6 = 1. 12km 169 Edward St -gt; work = 1. 00miles X 1. = 1. 6km 71 Galatea St -gt; work = 0. 06km 16/9 amp; 16/7 Sturt St -gt; work = 0. 32km *Note: to yield an accurate fuel expense, the average distance of the five houses for both city and country will be used, and then a price for a round trip, over five times a week, plus a 20% fuel allowance for other travelling needs. Country: 1. 12km + 1. 6km = 2. 72km 2. 72 / 2 = 1. 36km 1. 36~travel distance home to work 1. 36 x 2 = 2. 72km 2. 72km x 5 = 13. 6km ~home to work amp; back, five days 13. 6 x 0. 20 = 2. 72km~fuel allowance, for other travelling needs 2. 72 + 13. 6 16. 32km~weekly travel distance 16. 32% of 100km, therefore 16. 32% of ($1. 43 x 7. 3L=$10. 43 (price for 100km worth of fuel)) $10. 43 10. 43 x 0. 1632 = $1. 70~weekly fuel expense House #| Km to work| House 1| 5. 44km| House 2| 5. 12km| House 3| 6. 72km| House 4/5| 7. 04km| City: *miles -gt; kilometre conversion = y X 1. 6 = z 53 Edward St -gt; work = 3. 4miles X 1. 6 = 5. 44km 21/204 amp; 5/204 Alice St -gt; work = 3. 2miles X 1. 6 = 5. 12km 460 Ann St -gt; work = 4. 2miles X 1. 6 = 6. 72km 485 Adelaide St -gt; work = 4. 4miles X 1. 6 = 7. 04km 5. 44 + 5. 12 + 6. 2 + 7. 04 = 24. 32 24. 32 / 4 = 6. 08km~average distance to work 6. 08 x 2 = 12. 16 12. 16 x 5 = 60. 8~home to work distance, five times per week 60. 8 x 0. 2 = 12. 16km~weekly fuel allowance 60. 8 + 12. 16 = 72. 96km~weekly fuel consumption 72. 96km = 72. 96% of 100km 72. 96% of ($1. 43 x 7. 3L=$10. 43 (price for 100km worth of fuel)) $10. 43 10. 43 x 0. 7296 = $7. 60~weekly fuel expense Grocery Essentials *The following are the prices of food essentials at the lowest offered price in their respective stores and locations, without factoring in any limited special offers.

Saturday, March 7, 2020

The 21 Hardest ACT Math Questions Ever

The 21 Hardest ACT Math Questions Ever SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips You’ve studied and now you’re geared up for the ACT math section (whoo!). But are you ready to take on the most challenging math questions the ACT has to offer? Do you want to know exactly why these questions are so hard and how best to go about solving them? If you’ve got your heart set on that perfect score (or you’re just really curious to see what the most difficult questions will be), then this is the guide for you. We’ve put together what we believe to be the most 21 most difficult questions the ACT has given to students in the past 10 years, with strategies and answer explanations for each. These are all real ACT math questions, so understanding and studying them is one of the best ways to improve your current ACT score and knock it out of the park on test day. Brief Overview of the ACT Math Section Like all topic sections on the ACT, the ACT math section is one complete section that you will take all at once. It will always be the second section on the test and you will have 60 minutes to completed 60 questions. The ACT arranges its questions in order of ascending difficulty.As a general rule of thumb, questions 1-20 will be considered â€Å"easy,† questions 21-40 will be considered â€Å"medium-difficulty,† and questions 41-60 will be considered â€Å"difficult.† The way the ACT classifies â€Å"easy† and â€Å"difficult† is by how long it takes the average student to solve a problem as well as the percentage of students who answer the question correctly. The faster and more accurately the average student solves a problem, the â€Å"easier† it is. The longer it takes to solve a problem and the fewer people who answer it correctly, the more â€Å"difficult† the problem. (Note: we put the words â€Å"easy† and â€Å"difficult† in quotes for a reason- everyone has different areas of math strength and weakness, so not everyone will consider an â€Å"easy† question easy or a â€Å"difficult† question difficult. These categories are averaged across many students for a reason and not every student will fit into this exact mold.) All that being said, with very few exceptions, the most difficult ACT math problems will be clustered in the far end of the test. Besides just their placement on the test, these questions share a few other commonalities. We'll take a look at example questions and how to solve them and at what these types of questions have in common, in just a moment. But First: Should YouBe Focusing on the Hardest Math Questions Right Now? If you’re just getting started in your study prep, definitely stop and make some time to take a full practice test to gauge your current score level and percentile. The absolute best way to assess your current level is to simply take the ACT as if it were real, keeping strict timing and working straight through (we know- not the most thrilling way to spend four hours, but it will help tremendously in the long run). So print off one of the free ACT practice tests available online and then sit down to take it all at once. Once you’ve got a good idea of your current level and percentile ranking, you can set milestones and goals for your ultimate ACT score. If you’re currently scoring in the 0-16 or 17-24 range, your best best is to first check out our guides on using the key math strategies of plugging in numbers and plugging in answers to help get your score up to where you want it to. Only once you've practiced and successfully improved your scores on questions 1-40 should you start in trying to tackle the most difficult math problems on the test. If, however, you are already scoring a 25 or above and want to test your mettle for the real ACT, then definitely proceed to the rest of this guide. If you’re aiming for perfect (or close to), then you’ll need to know what the most difficult ACT math questions look like and how to solve them. And luckily, that’s exactly what we’re here for. Ready, set... 21 Hardest ACT Math Questions Now that you're positive that you should be trying out these difficult math questions, let’s get right to it! The answers to these questions are in a separate section below, so you can go through them all at once without getting spoiled. #1: #2: #3: #4: #5: #6: #7: #8: #9: #10: #11: #12: #13: #14: #15: #16: #17: #18: #19: #20: #21: Disappointed with your ACT scores? Want to improve your ACT score by 4+ points? Download our free guide to the top 5 strategies you need in your prep to improve your ACT score dramatically. Answers: 1. K, 2. E, 3. J, 4. K, 5. B, 6. H, 7. A, 8. J, 9. F, 10. E, 11. D, 12. F, 13. D, 14. F, 15. C, 16. C, 17. D, 18. G, 19. H, 20. A, 21. K Answer Explanations #1: The equation we are given ($−at^2+bt+c$) is a parabola and we are told to describe what happens when we change c (the y-intercept). From what we know about functions and function translations, we know that changing the value of c will shift the entire parabola upwards or downwards, which will change not only the y-intercept (in this case called the "h intercept"), but also the maximum height of the parabola as well as its x-intercept (in this case called the t intercept). You can see this in action when we raise the value of the y-intercept of our parabola. Options I, II, and III are all correct. Our final answer is K, I, II, and III #2: First let us set up the equation we are told- that the product of $c$ and $3$ is $b$. $3c=b$ Now we must isolate c so that we can add its value to 3. $3c=b$ $c=b/3$ Finally, let us add this value to 3. $c+3={b/3}+3$ Our final answer is E, $b/3+3$ [Note: Because this problem uses variables in both the problem and in the answer choices- a key feature of a PIN question- you can always use the strategy of plugging in numbers to solve the question.] #3: Because this question uses variables in both the problem and in the answer choices, you can always use PIN to solve it. Simply assign a value for x and then find the corresponding answer in the answer choices. For this explanation, however, we’ll be using algebra. First, distribute out one of your x’s in the denominator. ${x+1}/{(x)(x^2−1)}$ Now we can see that the $(x^2−1)$ can be further factored. ${x+1}/{(x)(x−1)(x+1)}$ We now have two expressions of $(x+1)$, one on the numerator and one on the denominator, which means we can cancel them out and simply put 1 in the numerator. $1/{x(x−1)}$ And once we distribute the x back in the denominator, we will have: $1/{x^2−x}$ Our final answer is J, $1/{x^2−x}$. #4: Before doing anything else, make sure you convert all your measurements into the same scale. Because we are working mainly with inches, convert the table with a 3 foot diameter into a table with a $(3)(12)=(36)$ inch diameter. Now, we know that the tablecloth must hang an additional $5+1$ inches on every side, so our full length of the tablecloth, in any straight line, will be: $1+5+36+5+1=48$ inches. Our final answer is K, 48. #5: The position of the a values (in front of the sine and cosine) means that they determine the amplitude (height) of the graphs. The larger the a value, the taller the amplitude. Since each graph has a height larger than 0, we can eliminate answer choices C, D, and E. Because $y_1$ is taller than $y_2$, it means that $y_1$ will have the larger amplitude. The $y_1$ graph has an amplitude of $a_1$ and the $y_2$ graph has an amplitude of $a_2$, which means that $a_1$ will be larger than $a_2$. Our final answer is B, $0 a_2 a_1$. #6: If you remember your trigonometry shortcuts, you know that $1−{cos^2}x+{cos^2}x=1$. This means, then, that ${sin^2}x=1−{cos^2}x$ (and that ${cos^2}x=1−{sin^2}x$). So we can replace our $1−{cos^2}x$ in our first numerator with ${sin^2}x$. We can also replace our $1−{sin^2}x$ in our second numerator with ${cos^2}x$. Now our expression will look like this: ${√{sin^2}x}/{sinx}+{√{cos^2}x}/{cosx}$ We also know that the square root of a value squared will cancel out to be the original value alone (for example,$√{2^2}=2$), so our expression will end up as: $={sinx}/{sinx}+{cosx}/{cosx}$ Or, in other words: $=1+1$ $=2$ Our final answer is H, 2. #7: We know from working with nested functions that we must work inside out. So we must use the equation for the function g(x) as our input value for function $f(x)$. $f(g(x))=7x+b$ Now we know that this function passes through coordinates (4, 6), so let us replace our x and y values for these givens. (Remember: the name of the function- in this case $f(g(x))$- acts as our y value). $6=7(4)+b$ $36=7(4)+b$ $36=28+b$ $8=b$ Our final answer is A, b=8. #8: If you’ve brushed up on your log basics, you know that $log_b(m/n)=log_b(m)−log_b(n)$. This means that we can work this backwards and convert our first expression into: $log_2(24)-log_2(3)=log_2(24/3)$ $=log_2(8)$ We also know that a log is essentially asking: "To what power does the base need to raised in order to achieve this certain value?" In this particular case, we are asking: "To which power must 2 be raised to equal 8?" To which the answer is 3. $(2^3=8)$, so $log_2(8)=3$ Now this expression is equal to $log_5(x)$, which means that we must also raise our 5 to the power of 3 in order to achieve x. So: $3=log_5(x)$ $5^3=x$ $125=x$ Our final answer is J, 125. #9: Once we’ve slogged through the text of this question, we can see that we are essentially being asked to find the largest value of the square root of the sum of the squares of our coordinate points $√(x^2+y^2)$. So let us estimate what the coordinate points are of our $z$s. Because we are working with squares, negatives are not a factor- we are looking for whichever point has the largest combination of coordinate point, since a negative square will be a positive. At a glance, the two points with the largest coordinates are $z_1$ and $z_5$. Let us estimate and say that $z_1$ looks to be close to coordinates $(-4, 5)$, which would give us a modulus value of: $√{−4^2+5^2}$ $√{16+25}$ 6.4 Point $z_5$ looks to be a similar distance along the x-axis in the opposite direction, but is considerably lower than point $z_1$. This would probably put it around $(4, 2)$, which would give us a modulus value of: $√{4^2+2^2}$ $√{16+4}$ 4.5 The larger (and indeed largest) modulus value is at point $z_1$ Our final answer is F, $z_1$. #10: For a problem like this, you may not know what a rational number is, but you may still be able to solve it just by looking at whatever answer seems to fit with the others the least. Answer choices A, B, C, and D all produce non-integer values when we take their square root, but answer choice E is the exception. $√{64/49}$ Becomes: $√{64}/√{49}$ $8/7$ A rational number is any number that can be expressed as the fraction of two integers, and this is the only option that fits the definition. Or, if you don’t know what a rational number is, you can simply see that this is the only answer that produces integer values once we have taken the root, which makes it stand out from the crowd. Our final answer is E, $√{64/49}$ #11: Because we are working with numbers in the triple digits, our numbers with at least one 0 will have that 0 in either the units digit or the tens digit (or both, though they will only be counted once). We know that our numbers are inclusive, so our first number will be 100, and will include every number from 100 though 109. That gives us 10 numbers so far. From here, we can see that the first 10 numbers of 200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700, 800, and 900 will be included as well, giving us a total of: $10*9$ 90 so far. Now we also must include every number that ends in 0. For the first 100 (not including 100, which we have already counted!), we would have: 110, 120, 130, 140, 150, 160, 170, 180, 190 This gives us 9 more numbers, which we can also expand to include 9 more in the 200’s, 300’s, 400’s, 500’s, 600’s, 700’s, 800’s, and 900’s. This gives us a total of: $9*9$ 81 Now, let us add our totals (all the numbers with a units digit of 0 and all the numbers with a tens digit of 0) together: $90+81$ 171 There are a total of 900 numbers between 100 and 999, inclusive, so our final probability will be: $171/900$ Our final answer is D, $171/900$ #12: First, turn our given equation for line q into proper slope-intercept form. $−2x+y=1$ $y=2x+1$ Now, we are told that the angles the lines form are congruent. This means that the slopes of the lines will be opposites of one another [Note: perpendicular lines have opposite reciprocal slopes, so do NOT get these concepts confused!]. Since we have already established that the slope of line $q$ is 2, line $r$ must have a slope of -2. Our final answer is F, -2 #13: If you remember your trigonometry rules, you know that $tan^{−1}(a/b)$ is the same as saying $tanÃŽËœ=a/b$. Knowing our mnemonic device SOH, CAH, TOA, we know that $tan ÃŽËœ = \opposite/\adjacent$. If $a$ is our opposite and $b$ is our adjacent, this means that $ÃŽËœ$ will be our right-most angle. Knowing that, we can find the $cos$ of $ÃŽËœ$ as well. The cosine will be the adjacent over the hypotenuse, the adjacent still being $b$ and the hypotenuse being $√{a^2+b^2}$. So $cos[tan{−1}(a/b)] $will be: $b/{√{a^2+b^2}}$ Our final answer is D, $b/{√{a^2+b^2}}$ #14: By far the easiest way to solve this question is to use PIN and simply pick a number for our $x$ and find its corresponding $y$ value. After which, we can test out our answer choices to find the right one. So if we said $x$ was 24, (Why 24? Why not!), then our $t$ value would be 2, our $u$ value would be 4, and our y value would be $42$. And $x−y$ would be $24−42=−18$ Now let us test out our answer choices. At a glance, we can see that answer choices H and J would be positive and answer choice K is 0. We can therefore eliminate them all. We can also see that $(t−u)$ would be negative, but $(u−t)$ would not be, so it is likely that F is our answer. Let us test it fully to be sure. $9(t−u)$ $9(2−4)$ $9(−2)$ $−18$ Success! Our final answer is F, $9(t−u)$ #15: In a question like this, the only way to answer it is to go through our answer choices one by one. Answer choice A would never be true, since $y−1$. Since $x$ is positive, the fraction would always be $\positive/\negative$, which would give us a negative value. Answer choice B is not always correct, since we might have a small $x$ value (e.g., $x=3$) and a very large negative value for $y$ (e.g., $y=−100$). In this case, ${|x|}/2$ would be less than $|y|$. Answer choice C is indeed always true, since ${\a \positive \number}/3−5$ may or may not be a positive number, but it will still always be larger than ${\a \negative \number}/3−5$, which will only get more and more negative. For example, if $x=3$ and $y=−3$, we will have: $3/3−5=−4$ and $−3/3−5=−6$ $−4−6$ We have found our answer and can stop here. Our final answer is C, $x/3−5y/3−5$ #16: We are told that there is only one possible value for $x$ in our quadratic equation $x^2+mx+n=0$, which means that, when we factor our equation, we must produce a square. We also know that our values for $x$ will always be the opposite of the values inside the factor. (For example, if our factoring gave us $(x+2)(x−5)$, our values for $x$ would be $-2$ and $+5$). So, given that our only possible value for $x$ is $-3$, our factoring must look like this: $(x+3)(x+3)$ Which, once we FOIL it out, will give us: $x^2+3x+3x+9$ $x^2+6x+9$ The $m$ in our equation stands in place of the 6, which means that $m=6$. Our final answer is C, 6. #17: The simplest way to solve this problem (and the key way to avoid making mistakes with the algebra) is to simply plug in your own numbers for $a$, $r$ and $y$. If we keep it simple, let us say that the loan amount $a$ is 100 dollars, the interest rate $r$ is 0.1, and the length of the loan $y$ is 2 years. Now we can find our initial $p$. $p={0.5ary+a}/12y$ $p={0.5(100)(0.1)(2)+100}/{12(2)}$ $p=110/24$ $p=4.58$ Now if we leave everything else intact, but double our loan amount ($a$ value), we get: $p={0.5ary+a}/12y$ $p={0.5(200)(0.1)(2)+200}/{12(2)}$ $p=220/24$ $p=9.16$ When we doubled our $a$ value, our $p$ value also doubled. Our final answer is D, $p$ is multiplied by 2. #18: If we were to make a right triangle out of our diagram, we can see that we would have a triangle with leg lengths of 8 and 8, making this an isosceles right triangle. This means that the full length of $\ov {EF}$ (the hypotenuse of our right triangle) would be $8√2$. Now $\ov {ED}$ is $1/4$ the length of $\ov {EF}$, which means that $\ov {ED}$ is: ${8√2}/4$ And the legs of the smaller right triangle will also be $1/4$ the size of the legs of the larger triangle. So our smaller triangle will have leg lengths of $8/4=2$ If we add 2 to both our x-coordinate and our y-coordinate from point E, we will get: $(6+2,4+2)$ $(8,6)$ Our final answer is G, $(8,6)$ #19: First, to solve the inequality, we must approach it like a single variable equation and subtract the 1 from both sides of the expression $−51−3x10$ $−6−3x9$ Now, we must divide each side by $-3$. Remember, though, whenever we multiply or divide an inequality by a negative, the inequality signs REVERSE. So we will now get: $2x−3$ And if we put it in proper order, we will have: $−3x2$ Our final answer is H, $−3x2$ #20: The only difference between our function graphs is a horizontal shift, which means that our b value (which would determine the vertical shift of a sine graph) must be 0. Just by using this information, we can eliminate every answer choice but A, as that is the only answer with $b=0$. For expediency's sake, we can stop here. Our final answer is A, $a0$ and $b=0$ Advanced ACT Math note: An important word in ACT Math questions is "must", as in "]something] must be true." If a question doesn't have this word, then the answer only has to be true for a particular instance (that is, itcould be true.) In this case, the majority of the time, for a graph to shift horizontally to the left requires $a0$. However, because $sin(x)$ is a periodic graph, $sin(x+a)$would shift horizontally to the left if $a=-Ï€/2$, which means that for at least one value of the constant $a$ where $a0$, answer A is true. In contrast, there are no circumstances under which the graphs could have the same maximum value (as stated in the question text) but have the constant $b≠ 0$. As we state above, though, on the real ACT, once you reach the conclusion that $b=0$ and note that only one answer choice has that as part of it, you should stop there. Don't get distracted into wasting more time on this question by the bait of $a0$! #21: You may be tempted to solve this absolute value inequality question as normal, by making two calculations and then solving as a single variable equation. (For more information on this, check out our guide covering absolute value equations). In this case, however, pay attention to the fact that our absolute value must supposedly be less than a negative number. An absolute value will always be positive (as it is a measure of distance and there is no such thing as a negative distance). This means it would be literally impossible to have an absolute value equation be less than -1. Our final answer is K, the empty set, as no number fulfills this equation. Whoo! You made it to the finish line- go you! What Do the Hardest ACT Math Questions Have in Common? Now, lastly, before we get to the questions themselves, it is important to understand what makes these hard questions â€Å"hard.† By doing so, you will be able to both understand and solve similar questions when you see them on test day, as well as have a better strategy for identifying and correcting your previous ACT math errors. In this section, we will look at what these questions have in common and give examples for each type. In the next section, we will give you all 21 of the most difficult questions as well as answer explanations for each question, including the ones we use as examples here. Some of the reasons why the hardest math questions are the hardest math questions are because the questions do the following: #1: Test Several Mathematical Concepts at Once As you can see, this question deals with a combination of functions and coordinate geometry points. #2: Require Multiple Steps Many of the most difficult ACT Math questions primarily test just one basic mathematical concept. What makes them difficult is that you have to work through multiple steps in order to solve the problem. (Remember: the more steps you need to take, the easier it is to mess up somewhere along the line!) Though it may sound like a simple probability question, you must run through a long list of numbers with 0 as a digit. This leaves room for calculation errors along the way. #3: Use Concepts You're Less Familiar With Another reason the questions we picked are so difficult for many students is that they focus on subjects you likely have limited familiarity with. For example, many students are less familiar with algebraic and/or trigonometric functions than they are with fractions and percentages, so most function questions are considered â€Å"high difficulty† problems. Many students get intimidated with function problems because they lack familiarity with these types of questions. #4: Give You Convoluted or Wordy Scenarios to Work Through Some of the most difficult ACT questions are not so much mathematically difficult as they are simply tough to decode. Especially as you near the end of the math section, it can be easy to get tired and misread or misunderstand exactly what the question is even asking you to find. This question presents students with a completely foreign mathematical concept and can eat up the limited available time. #5: Appear Deceptively Easy Remember- if a question is located at the very end of the math section, it means that a lot of students will likely make mistakes on it. Look out for these questions, which may give a false appearance of being easy in order to lure you into falling for bait answers. Be careful! This question may seem easy, but, because of how it is presented, many students will fall for one of the bait answers. #6: Involve Multiple Variables or Hypotheticals The more difficult ACT Math questions tend to use many different variables- both in the question and in the answer choices- or present hypotheticals. (Note: The best way to solve these types of questions- questions that use multiple integers in both the problem and in the answer choices- is to use the strategy of plugging in numbers.) Working with hypothetical scenarios and variables is almost always more challenging than working with numbers. Now picture something delicious and sooth your mind as a reward for all that hard work. The Take-Aways Taking the ACT is a long journey; the more you get acclimated to it ahead of time, the better you'll feel on test day. And knowing how to handle the hardest questions the test-makers have ever given will make taking your ACT seem a lot less daunting. If you felt that these questions were easy, make sure not underestimate the effect of adrenaline and fatigue on your ability to solve your math problems. As you study, try to follow the timing guidelines (an average of one minute per ACT math question) and try to take full tests whenever possible. This is the best way to recreate the actual testing environment so that you can prepare for the real deal. If you felt these questions were challenging, be sure to strengthen your math knowledge by checking out our individual math topic guides for the ACT. There, you'll see more detailed explanations of the topics in question as well as more detailed answer breakdowns. What’s Next? Felt that these questions were harder than you were expecting? Take a look at all the topics covered on the ACT math section and then note which sections you had particular difficulty in. Next, take a look at our individual math guides to help you strengthen any of those weak areas. Running out of time on the ACT math section? Our guide to helping you beat the clock will help you finish those math questions on time. Aiming for a perfect score? Check out our guide on how to get a perfect 36 on the ACT math section, written by a perfect-scorer. Want to improve your ACT score by 4 points? Check out our best-in-class online ACT prep classes. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your ACT score by 4 points or more. Our classes are entirely online, and they're taught by ACT experts. If you liked this article, you'll love our classes. Along with expert-led classes, you'll get personalized homework with thousands of practice problems organized by individual skills so you learn most effectively. We'll also give you a step-by-step, custom program to follow so you'll never be confused about what to study next. Try it risk-free today:

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Geopolitics Midterm Exam Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words - 1

Geopolitics Midterm Exam - Essay Example to the challenges set globally, in regard to various areas such as culture, economy and politics, reveals the key characteristics of geopolitics for the 21st century. According to Huntington ‘the extensive conflicts between nations’ (16) is expected to be a common phenomenon in the near future. Moreover, according to the above researcher, these conflicts would be related mostly to culture and not so much to economic or political interests (Huntington 16). The same trend had also appeared in the long past; then, cultural conflicts were also related to social/ economic differences (Huntington 16). The above view could be verified if checking the behavior of minorities globally: minorities tend to be involved in conflicts mostly for securing their traditions/ ethics (Mikesell and Alexander 585). Often, these groups have not the power to support their rights, due to their limited size, in terms of population; the case of ‘German speakers in Belgium’ (Mikesell and Alexander 585) is an example. In the future, there is no guarantee that even these groups will be involved in conflicts for promoting their rights. From a different point of view, modern state is characterized by limited emphasis on identity. This trend is made clear in the case of European Union. In EU the need for integration is highly valued leading to the limitation of the value of national identity in regard to member states (Cram 11). On the other hand, due to the expansion of energy paths, the borders of certain regions have become quite valuable for ensuring security and economic development. For example, in the case of EU emphasis is given to the Eastern areas as a natural border with Middle East/ Asia (Murphy 588). In other words, modern geopolitics need to take into consideration ‘peripheries’ (Murphy 588) as being able to play a critical role both in terms of security and of economic growth. Based on the issues discussed above it could be noted that modern state reveals the issues